Etna

Etna or Mount Etna is the highest volcano in Europe and one of the largest in the world. Its height varies over time because of its eruptions, currently it stands at around 3,340 meters s.l.m., its diameter is about 45 km. Etna has formed over the millennia by a process of construction and destruction started about 600,000 years ago.

Unesco included the Etna in the world heritage site defining it as one of the volcanoes most emblematic and active in the world ".


The area of Etna villages refers to municipalities that are located on the slopes of Etna.
This area coincides with the northern part of the province of Catania and stretches from the Alcantara River to the north, which divides it from the Nebrodi mountains to the west to the Simeto River in the south.

To the east the area is bordered by the Ionian coast "Riviera of the Cyclops". The landscape is typical Mediterranean with peculiarities due to the different altitudes created by the volcano Etna, in fact, its action has created a landscape that, beyond typical ski, has mountain ranges of pyroclastic eruption-called "Etna hills". These are present in particular in the municipality of Nicolosi, Trecastagni, Viagrande, Pedara, and Zafferana. In this area there is the typical Etna broom that grows like a tree, unlike the other species that have as developing a bush.

The municipalities belonging to this area are characterized by an old town with churches, cathedrals and ancient buildings in stone. The newer buildings are in cement armed. Some centers are alleys and narrow streets in the old part; others have a road setting checkerboard due to reconstruction after destruction as a result of volcanic eruptions and associated lava flows.

As the whole of Sicily and the rest of the Mediterranean there are vineyards, olive groves and citrus orchards. The best known local products are the Maletto strawberries, Zafferana honey, pistachios from Bronte and prickly pears in Belpasso. Much more famous even outside the countries of Etna Etna wines produced with ups and downs since at least the Middle Ages in the form with terracing as we know it today. The most famous grape is the Nerello mascalese.